Brake Rotor Manufacturer
MZW Brake rotor manufacturer aim to ensure the products we make ore of the highest quality and is the reason we carry adhere to the highest of brake rotor manufacturing processes.
As a leading brake rotor supplier, every brake rotor manufactured by MZW conforms to OE specifications.
Excessive vibrations can cause noisy braking. To reduce the vibrations resulting from the action of brake pads on the rotor, MZW rotors are appropriately shimmed.
They also feature slots to improve pad contact and provide for powerful braking.
This reduces the distance it takes to bring a car to stop and makes our brake rotors efficient products.
MZW brake rotors are mill-balanced. This ensures they provide smooth braking by reducing the vibrations caused by imperfections.
That means a reliable and efficient operation of the braking system which makes our products outstanding.
The non-directional finish on our rotors ensures quick and better break-in for a braking system that performs excellently at the onset.
Why MZW Automotive Brake Rotor?
MZW brake rotors are specially made to provide that. Besides ensuring excellent raw materials, we use an advanced brake rotor manufacturing process in our factory.
That’s in addition to following up the finished product with tests to confirm quality brake rotors for the different applications.
We guarantee you every MZW Brake Rotor has passed a series of strict tests:
MZW Made Brake Rotor
As a professional automobile brake rotor manufacturer MZW commits to making quality products.
High Temperature Resistant
Brake Rotor Cross Reference Lookup
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MZW Brake Rotor Disc Guide
All you need to know about Brake Rotor Disc
In modern vehicles that use disc brakes, the brake rotor disc performs one of the most crucial functions. As such, it’s essential that you know how to select the right type for a vehicle. Also, how to do a brake rotor quality comparison from the many options on the market. We wrote this guide to help you do exactly that.
Brake Rotor Definition
Some people call it the brake disc others brake rotor, but what is a brake rotor disc? Here is what it is:
The brake rotor is the round piece of metal that brake pads clamp to stop the wheels from rolling. In other words, it one of the components used to decelerate or bring a moving car to a halt.
Brake rotor discs mount on the wheel assembly, rotating at the speed of the wheels. They are usually visible through the wheel spokes as the shiny metal surfaces with brake pads on their sides.
There are different types of these components on the market today, mostly because braking requirements differ by application. There are also different grades of the disc, with variation in prices.
We will be looking at what these different types of brake rotors are later. For now, let’s have a look at how the discs help to produce stopping power.
Brake Rotor Function
Brake rotors and pads work together to convert a driver’s foot pressure into braking force. But how does that happen? Let’s see.
During braking, the brake rotor disc provides the surface onto which the friction material of brake pads can rub against. The action between the two surfaces results in the kinetic energy of the wheels being converted into heat, and the vehicle slowing down or stopping. Here is the sequence of events:
- To decelerate or halt a vehicle, the driver places his foot on the brake pedal. The pressure converts into hydraulic pressure, multiplying by about 30 times in the braking system.
- The boosted brake pedal pressure goes all the way to the brake calipers where it pushes a piston or pistons. The piston pushes brake pads, causing them to press firmly against the brake disc.
- The pads contain special materials that generate a high frictional force when they come into contact with the spinning rotor. The friction results in intense heat, depending on the disc’s rotational speed and the brake pedal pressure.
- With the spinning brake disc losing its energy in the form of heat, it cannot rotate anymore. The disc is connected to the wheels and its deceleration stops the vehicle.
To enable that, brake rotor manufacturers use high-strength materials to make these parts. They also make the rotors in different designs to fit specific requirements. Next is a look at these brake rotor design and material specifications.
Brake Rotor Types
Disc brakes are used in a wide range of motor vehicles and driving conditions. These different applications call for specific performance characteristics. To cater to that, brake discs are made in an array of different designs. Below are the options available on the auto parts market.
One Piece and Two Piece Brake Rotors
The standard brake rotor is a one piece component. One-piece rotors comprise a solid body with no separate part. Manufacturers introduced a different design for the disc called a floating brake rotor. Floating discs are two-piece components that offer several advantages.
Unlike the one-piece types, two-piece rotors can operate in high heat conditions. Their design helps them to prevent thermal distortion when temperatures rise to high levels. The discs also dissipate heat better. They also do not weigh a lot.
The downsides of floating discs include susceptibility to vibrations, the hat trapping debris, and the high cost to make them. Solid rotors come with features to help improve performance, as we will see next.
Flat Brake Rotors
These are also called smooth or solid rotors, owing to the fact that they contain no grooves, slots, or holes on their surfaces. Because of their smooth flat surfaces, these rotor types offer a large surface area for brake pads to makes contact with.
The design has its downsides. Gases and heat do not find escape routes during braking. As a result, the discs cause brake pad fade and cannot sustain constant and aggressive braking. Flat discs are cheap and lightweight, which make the suit compact cars and street driving.
Vented Brake Rotors
These come as two discs joined together and their inner surfaces ribbed or spoked to create air spaces. The design makes the discs dissipate heat better than the flat types. It also allows free movement of gases and escape of debris to provide consistent and extended braking force.
Vented brake discs have more material, which makes them heavy and not suited for light or compact cars. Despite that, they offer excellent performance in different conditions and suit heavy vehicles. They are among the most common brake discs.
Slotted Brake Rotors
Slotted brake discs feature grooves engraved on their outer surface. The slots usually face the direction opposite to that of the disc’s rotation and help to remove dust, water, and brake pad material. They also ensure heat does not build up in the disc to cause brake fade.
Slotted discs perform well in heavy duty braking and are often used in trucks and a range SUVs. Despite these advantages, these discs cause the brake pads to wear quickly. The grooves also cause a lot of brake rotor noise.
Drilled Brake Rotors
The surface of cross-drilled rotors contains holes that run through the thickness to the other side. The holes act as escape pathways for debris, gases, and water, resulting in consistent and excellent braking performance.
Because of their reduced mass and surface area, drilled brake discs cannot be used in high temperature braking such as that of race cars. They would crack, plus they do not lose heat quickly. They are best suited for low heat conditions, such as street driving and wet climates.
Slotted and Drilled Brake Rotors
These combine both the drilled and slotted designs. It allows for fewer holes that reduce the structural disadvantages of drilled rotors and fewer slots to minimize noise. These discs also offer commendable performance in terms of heat loss, braking strength, and escape of gases and debris.
Slotted and drilled rotors are suitable for a wide range of braking conditions and vehicle applications. Mostly, you will find then in large trucks that brake heavily and sport cars where performance is a major requirement.
Dimpled Brake Rotors
The dimpled design is a recent brake rotor construction. The disc contains holes on the surface, just like the drilled type. However, the holes are only superficial and do not cross to the other side of the disc’s thickness.
Dimples offer the advantages of allowing the disc to lose heat and gases but without sacrificing structural integrity. The weight also reduces to a considerable degree without compromising strength. In some versions of the dimpled brake rotor, grooves re also added to complement the dimples.
Waved Brake Rotors
The edges are a wave-like design, mostly to reduce the material used and make the disc lightweight. The construction also allows gases to circulate and debris or water to leave the disc’s surface. It provides for an efficient way to lose heat, too.
Waved rotors are not a new concept. They have existed for a long time but mainly in motorcycle brakes. It’s only in recent times that the design has found its way into motor vehicle applications.
Options for Brake Disc Material
Vehicle makers and auto parts manufacturers use different materials for brake rotors. The type of material determines many aspects of the discs such as the ability to withstand mechanical damage, wear, and heat. The materials include:
Cast Iron- this is the oldest material for brake discs. The rotors made from cast iron perform well and can even suit stress braking applications. However, iron makes heavy brake discs that affect a car’s fuel economy. The material is also prone to cracks from brake rotor overheating.
High Carbon- the material is essentially iron to which carbon has been added to improve performance and brake disc lifespan. Brake rotor discs made from high carbon material can resist heat, handle stress braking, and offer quiet braking. They are also understandably more expensive than those made from iron.
Aluminum- aluminum brake discs are lightweight and conduct away heat better than many other materials. Despite these advantages, the discs cannot withstand high-temperature conditions and do not suit brakes that generate a lot of heat. Aluminum brake rotors are commonly used in motorcycles, mostly due to their lightweight nature.
Steel- Steel makes thin but high strength brake discs. Because of the reduced mass, the discs also weigh less. Steel brake rotors also withstand heat excellently. They do not last for long, though. Owing to their thin nature, steel brake rotors keep warping when subjected to aggressive braking.
Laminated steel- to produce stronger rotors, manufacturers use layered steel. The construction makes the discs less prone to warping, allowing for their use in high heat conditions. As a result, layered steel discs are common in racing applications.
Ceramic- this material offers superior performance in many aspects. Ceramic rotors stand up to extreme temperature levels better than any other material. They also allow heat to dissipate more effectively to provide consistent braking. Ceramic rotors are among the best today. They are commonly used in high-end cars.
Brake Rotor Material Comparison
Some brake disc materials perform well in some applications or conditions, and not so well in others. Some offer excellent braking capabilities all through but have their disadvantages such as cost. Here is a look at these materials and how they compare in different ways.
Cast iron brake rotors are a good choice for normal and gentle driving. They tend to fail under extreme heat, often cracking and their lifespan reducing. For light or compact cars, these discs may not be a good choice due to their heavy nature. A better option would be steel brake rotors. These are lightweight yet strong enough to offer reliable braking.
For aggressive driving situations, high carbon brake rotors are the way to go. They offer better heat tolerance, albeit at a cost. Racing applications call for composite ceramic brake rotors. These can operate in a wide range of conditions (including temperature extremes) without losing performance.
Brake Rotor Specifications
Brake rotors must operate within specific parameters, or their braking performance will drop considerably. To ensure safe driving, the rotors need to satisfy these specifications.
Thickness- Brake rotor thickness determines the ability to dissipate heat, prevent cracking, and other forms of damage. The rotor comes with nominal thickness when new, which is usually indicated by the manufacturers.
There is also the machined thickness, which refers to the brake rotor minimum thickness after resurfacing. The discard thickness is the lowest allowable thickness which, when reached, requires immediate rotor replacement.
Parallelism- a brake rotor disc comprises two surfaces on either side. These must be parallel to each other at all times. It helps prevent pulsations when braking. To determine brake rotor parallelism, measurements of its thickness are taken and the largest value subtracted from the least.
Lateral Runout- to ensure flawless operation, the brake rotor needs to rotate in a true plane. When that does not happen, the disc develops a wobble, or lateral brake rotor runout. Wobble often results from changes in the disc’s thickness due to damage.
Grooves- Over time, the braking action causes grooves to develop on the brake rotor surface, especially if high temperatures are common. The brake rotor grooves must not go too deep. In most cases, 0.1mm is the least groove depth allowable.
Surface finish- for effective braking, the rotor surface should be smooth but not excessively as to reduce the grip by brake pads. The right level of smoothness also allows for proper bedding in. When machining the surfaces, this is one of the essential brake rotor specs to take into account.
Brake Rotor Disc FAQs
Here are questions about brake rotor discs and their answers. You will find them useful in providing you with more information about these crucial disc brake parts.
Q1. What is the average brake rotor lifespan?
A. The rate of brake rotor wear or damage depends on many factors, such as driving habits and conditions, material, and the level of maintaining the brake system. On average, most brake rotor discs last for between 30 000 and 70 000 miles. With proper usage of brakes and premium brake rotors, the lifespan could be longer than the mentioned range.
Q2. What are the causes of brake rotor problems?
A. Causes of brake disc damage include manufacturer and user mistakes, time, and driving conditions. Brake disc wear may result from harsh braking, bad driving habits, or traffic conditions that require you to brake sharply and frequently. It can also be caused by improper brake pads that are too hard.
Damage often results from braking that generates excess heat, low quality brake rotor material, and excessive brake disc machining. Improper installation, corrosion, and rust can also ruin a brake rotor.
Q3. How do you tell brake rotor damage?
A. Signs include brake noise, pulsations when braking, and longer stopping distances than normal. On closer examination, you may notice marks, rust or corrosion on the rotor’s surface or surfaces. The manufacturer’s indicated brake disc wear limit or brake rotor discard specs also provide a way to know when you need a new rotor.
Q4. What are the options to fix a bad brake rotor disc?
A. Brake rotor repair options include cleaning, resurfacing, and correcting improper or failing installation. Some problems result from debris in the mounting surface. Removing the dirt helps to restore the proper rotation of the disc. Brake rotor resurfacing helps to clear rust and corrosion, raised spots, and other surface imperfections.
Q5. What is the average brake rotor cost?
A. Prices vary from $30 to $70. The brake rotors on sale today come in two kinds; the basic grade and premium grade. Basic grades cost less but offer moderate performance when compared to the costly options. That said said, you can always scout for the best brake rotor price offers, especially when shopping online.
Q6. What is the brake rotor replacement cost today?
A. The cost ranges from $ 150 to $300 or even more. It depends on the labor rates in your area. Brake rotor change can also be a DIY project. The component is usually easy to reach, plus the process to change it takes a short time. It’s recommended to replace the rotors on both wheels on the same axle even when the other does not show signs of damage.
Q7. OEM or Aftermarket?
A. OEM brake rotors confine you to only a few options. Aftermarket brake discs allow you more choose, especially if looking for a brake rotor upgrade to improve braking performance. You only need to choose the type of rotor design, material, and other features carefully. The company too, considering the many brake rotor brands available today.
Q8. What are the best brake rotors?
A. The best brake disc is one that suits your requirements. If you are often braking sharply, you need discs that can stand up to heat and wear, in which case high carbon and ceramic options would be your best bet.
If looking for brake rotors to use in a small, street-driven car, iron brake discs would do. Steel performs moderately, and suits average requirements for both braking power, lifespan, and budget.
That said, one cannot ignore the brake rotor quality differences across manufacturers. Some companies make better rotors than the others, using better quality materials and other specs. When looking for the right brand, it’s advisable to consider a company’s reputation and experience.
Brake rotor discs are essential parts of the brakes used in many vehicles. They help brake pads to perform their function, ensuring driving safety. Selecting the right type of brake disc, is therefore, paramount. That starts with understanding how the components work and the different types on the market. Just what this guide has helped you learn.
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